by John W. O’Neal, II
A Simple Yet Effective Solar Image Colorization Tutorial
Have you ever wondered how solar imagers get those nice color images of the sun after capturing files with mono cameras?
In this tutorial we are going to illustrate some really simple steps you can follow, using screen captures and menu paths so you can successfully retrace the steps followed by solar imagers to turn those dull mono images into the bright, colorful solar images we’ve all come to love so much.
I’m using Photoshop CS2. The Photoshop version you are using may be slightly different, but should be similar enough for you to figure out if any modifications to the steps need to be made to successfully colorize your own images.
Get started: adjust brightness and contrast
To begin, open your image in Adobe Photoshop and go to the menu path IMAGE > ADJUSTMENTS > CURVES.
Notice the grid with the black line running through it (below). Place your cursor over the dot in the center of the line and create a dot that you can drag.
If your image looks too dark or too light, move the RGB slider down and to the right (darken) or up and to the (lighten) left. As you move the sliders you will get the feel for how they work. It’s really quite intuitive. Click on the line to add points, and drag points out of the box to delete them.
Adjust color channels
Find the pulldown box labeled Channel and click the down arrow. RGB is selected as default.
After clicking you will see RGB, RED, GREEN, and BLUE. To colorize our image we will need to modify the values for each of these color channels.
|Go to the Channel box & select RED. Create a new point on the middle of the curve. Move the slider or type in these values:
|Go back to the Channel box & select GREEN. Create a new point on the middle of the curve. Move the slider or type in these values:
|Go back to the Channel box & select BLUE. Create a new point on the middle of the curve. Move the slider or type in these values:
As you change each value you will see the image changing color. It will look really strange at first, but as you continue making refinements it will start looking more in line with what we are accustomed to seeing.
When you finish colorizing your image you can save what you’ve done by clicking on the Save… button. A dialog box will appear asking you to name your colorization scheme. Give it a name like “H-Alpha”. Later, if you colorize a Calcium image, you can save it as “Calcium”.
Then, next time you want to colorize an image, simply load the image, follow the menu path Image > Adjustments > Curves. When the Curves dialog box appears, click on the Load… button and select the scheme you wish to use.
Select the filename and your colorization scheme will load and all the changes in will be instantly applied. If you don’t like it, make adjustments.
You can save as many different schemes as you wish. I usually keep several schemes for each wavelength of light, and I can scroll through them to see which one looks best…
And you’re done!
Finally, your drab mono image is nicely colorized and you are happy with it’s glowing hues and colors. Simply save the image and share it with your friends or print it out and hang it on your wall for all to see!
About John W. O’Neal, II
John O’Neal has been an amateur astrophotographer for over 40 years and began solar imaging in 2011. He is co-founder of the Facebook SOLARACTIVITY group, a worldwide social networking and imaging group with 25,000 members. Recently retired, John plans to travel the United States promoting solar outreach and pro-am collaborations.