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Solar Imaging Tutorial

How to Colorize Solar Images in Photoshop

by John W. O’Neal, II

A Simple Yet Effective Solar Image Colorization Tutorial

Have you ever wondered how solar imagers get those nice color images of the sun after capturing files with mono cameras?

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In this tutorial we are going to illustrate some really simple steps you can follow, using screen captures and menu paths so you can successfully retrace the steps followed by solar imagers to turn those dull mono images into the bright, colorful solar images we’ve all come to love so much.

I’m using Photoshop CS2. The Photoshop version you are using may be slightly different, but should be similar enough for you to figure out if any modifications to the steps need to be made to successfully colorize your own images.

Get started: adjust brightness and contrast

To begin, open your image in Adobe Photoshop and go to the menu path IMAGE > ADJUSTMENTS > CURVES.

ps-curves-select

Notice the grid with the black line running through it (below). Place your cursor over the dot in the center of the line and create a dot that you can drag.

If your image looks too dark or too light, move the RGB slider down and to the right (darken) or up and to the (lighten) left. As you move the sliders you will get the feel for how they work. It’s really quite intuitive. Click on the line to add points, and drag points out of the box to delete them.

ps-curves-full

Adjust color channels

Find the pulldown box labeled Channel and click the down arrow. RGB is selected as default.

After clicking you will see RGB, RED, GREEN, and BLUE. To colorize our image we will need to modify the values for each of these color channels.

Go to the Channel box & select RED. Move the slider or type in these values:

Input: 84

Output: 139

Go back to the Channel box & select GREEN. Move the slider or type in these values:

Input: 95

Output: 20

Go back to the Channel box & select BLUE. Move the slider or type in these values:

Input: 218

Output: 65

curves-channels

As you change each value you will see the image changing color. It will look really strange at first, but as you continue making refinements it will start looking more in line with what we are accustomed to seeing.

ps-curves-greenWhen you finish colorizing your image you can save what you’ve done by clicking on the Save… button. A dialog box will appear asking you to name your colorization scheme. Give it a name like “H-Alpha”. Later, if you colorize a Calcium image, you can save it as “Calcium”.

Then, next time you want to colorize an image, simply load the image, follow the menu path Image > Adjustments > Curves. When the Curves dialog box appears, click on the Load… button and select the scheme you wish to use.

Select the filename and your colorization scheme will load and all the changes in will be instantly applied. If you don’t like it, make adjustments.

You can save as many different schemes as you wish. I usually keep several schemes for each wavelength of light, and I can scroll through them to see which one looks best…

And you’re done!

Finally, your drab mono image is nicely colorized and you are happy with it’s glowing hues and colors. Simply save the image and share it with your friends or print it out and hang it on your wall for all to see!

ha-color
Photo: John W. O’Neal, II

About John W. O’Neal, II

John O'Neil
John O’Neal

John O’Neal has been an amateur astrophotographer for over 40 years and began solar imaging in 2011. He is co-founder of the Facebook SOLARACTIVITY group, a worldwide social networking and imaging group with 25,000 members. Recently retired, John plans to travel the United States promoting solar outreach and pro-am collaborations.

Learn more about John on his website, Heliophotography Shutterfly, or Flickr.
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3 Comments

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  • Nope, it doesn’t work as advertised.
    image becomes all uniformly red, and very dark at it!
    Certainly not the yellow-to-red hues the above screenshot seem to suggest
    Am I doing something wrong or what?

    • Hi Antonio,

      It really depends on the input image you’re using. Feel free to email it to me and I can give it a try? BUT — before you do that, make sure you are starting with a purely monochrome image! That can make a big difference…

      Cheers,
      Cory

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